Wednesday, 18 December 2019

they wont let anyone come even as a tourist.its,

 they wont let anyone come even as a tourist.its


 very hard to come

from any country in Latin America, with the possible exception of Argentina

and Chile.so, um, weve been together for three years.he was my boyfriend for

three years and then, weve been married... a little over two months.and i, im

in the United States and my husbands in Ecuador because, the United States

government wont let him come here.but hopefully, his paper work will go

through, because i believe that once someone gets married, they should

automatically get, a conditional permanent residence.three years ago i

participated in the program Amigos de las Americas which means friends of the

Americas.its a volunteer organization, based in Houston Texas.its similar to

the Peace Corps except that its for shorter time periods, and its basically

targeted, at people in high school or, the early college years.what it is, is

they send out those students who know Spanish or Portuguese depending on what

country you go to.they send them, to different countries in Latin America to

do community service work.they have different they have many different

projects.there are many different projects.they have community sanitation

project,s in which the volunteers build latrines and do community service

talks.they also have projects in which volunteers, actually give vaccines to

humans.i think that project is based in Paraguay.then, the project i

participated in was rabies vaccination, which is in Ecuador.its actually, kind

of interesting how i decided to participate in this.at the point in my life at

which i went to in which i participated in Amigos, i was very interested in

human medicine.so i really wanted to do human vaccinations, which would have

meant i would have gone to Paraguay.but as it turns out that the program was

filled and so i had to decide what program i wanted to participate in.i wa- i,

um ive also been very interested in animals and loved them my whole life, so

going to Ecuador looked good.but i wasnt still quite sure about that.but then,

since when i was in sixth grade, i did a report on Ecuador and i absolutely

fell in love with it, that was what, basically tied the... knot and made me

want to go to Ecuador.so, i went to Ecuador and i did rabies vaccinations for

eight weeks.we also taught English for a little bit.and we did many, um,

charales [a Spanish word] which would be kind of like informational talks,

about dental hygiene, sanitation, nutrition.um. we also planted some gardens

and did talks about that.we talked about rabies, the dangers of smoking, and

we made a big huge mural with, a lot paintings at the elementary school, and

we got to meet a lot of nice people.that was actually how i met my who is now

the man who is now my husband.so, i, highly recommend the program but hahaha

not really for that reason, but its a very good program.anyone whos interested

in going to Latin America, and has a... strong interest in community service i

would definitely recommend that they participate.i have a really interesting

story that i would like to tell you.my boyfriend and i were supposed to get

together for spring break.he was supposed to go to the university where i was

studying to visit me.but he couldnt get a visa, so he couldnt, um, leave his

country.hes from Ecuador, and i was studying in the United States.so he called

me on Thursday night, to tell me that he couldnt come.and i was very upset. we

were both very upset because we had been planning, all along he would come.i

had been studying really hard and trying to get a lot of work done so that i

would have a lot of time to spend with him, when he got here.well as it turns

out he couldnt come.but, the following week starting Monday after the Thursday

he had called, was our spring break, so, in my head i started planning right

away after we stopped, calling that i could maybe surprise him.so i since id

already got a lot of work done, this wasnt going to be too bad, but i still

had a paper to write.so i spent all Friday night writing the paper.i got it

done about Saturday and i had to be in New York to leave,

done about Saturday and i had to be in New York to leave


to fly to Ecuador at

about eight oclock.so i really hurried up, ran and printed out the paper that

i had to turn in, and packed up my bags and, got to Newark to New York.and

then so all the way in the plane im thinking how am i gonna surprise him.whats

the best way to do it? how would it be nicest.and i met some really nice

people on the plane, and so we were talking about this.and i just kept getting

more and more excited.so by the time i got to Ecuador i was really really

excited.i got there probably at about six or seven in the morning, which was

the good time.so i got on a little trolley, I got on the bus and i made it to

the city where my, boyfriend lived.and, then i was still trying to decide how

i was going to do it.and so, i got in a taxi and i had to try to find my way

to this place.well, first i had told him, that the, um, the place at first i

told him that i needed to go to a little store that was on Guaquille Street.so

we drove up and down Guaquille Street and we didnt see the little store.so

then i was thinking that maybe i had the name wrong, because it had been a

while since i was there.and so i was like well, i dont think its this name,

but and i was trying to tell him more less where it was at.because i had

remembered, remembered going by it before.and so then finally it turns out

that it was on Galapagos Street.and so we made it to the store.and he dropped

me off, and i got out.and since i got there on Sunday, the store was closed.so

i went to a little grocery store, that was right beside the package place.and,

i had one of the people from the grocery store call, my boyfriend to tell him

that he had a package to pick up, and, to ask him if he could get here as soon

as possible because she had to go away to go on a trip.so i was inside the

little grocery store, which is right by the package agency.and i was all

nervous and getting excited that he was going to be coming.and everyone the

other people who were in the grocery store were also getting kind of, excited

because they saw that i was so excited.and so finally my, boyfriend drove

up.and they told me the little store had the grocery store in front and the

little house in the back.so they told me to go into the little house so that

my boyfriend wouldnt see me.and so my boyfriend got out of the car and he saw

that the package agency was closed.and so one of the, um, ladies from the

store went over to the package agency and told him that, since the lady had to

leave early, she had left the package inside their house.and so, sh- she kept

trying to get him to go inside the store and then to go inside their house.but

he was getting kind of nervous because everyone was laughing at him.so he

didnt really want to go out, or go inside the store.so then, i finally saw him

and i walked out and im like hi. and, i was so happy and, excited to see him

and i think he was also happy and excited.but he was just kind of

speechless.he didnt really say anything, but it was just really really nice to

see him and, it made for a very very nice week.a lot better than, the week

would have been had i had just stayed at school all by myself.my uncle Howard

is a big practical joker.but one time my sister and i got him back.um, it was

last summer and a friend of mine from New York came to visit me at my house in

northern Michigan.and, he had actually arrived in an airport in Detroit which

is farther south.so on his way back from the airport, my sister and i asked

him to drop us off at my grandma and grandpas house.which is probably two

hours from my house and two hours from Detroit, right in the middle.so, we

were on our way to my grandparents house, and as just about, as we were about

to pull in the drive way, my sister had this great idea for how to surprise my

uncle.so she told me to duck under the seat so that they wouldnt see us.so my

sister and i were hiding in the seat.and in pulls Steve in his little Steves

my friends name, in pulls Steve in his little car.and so Steve got out, of the

car and he went to ask my uncle Howard for directions for how to get to

Detroit.and my uncle Howard looked at him kind of weird, because Detroit was

a, was probably about two hours away from my grandparents house.but he thought

that was, okay, and he told him directions.so Steve walks back to the car.and

then my sister, pops up and she tells him, go ask him for a drink of water. so

Steve walks out again and he asks my uncle Howard for a drink of water.well,

my uncle says all right and he takes, him inside and my grandma gives him a

glass of water and, they talk for a little bit about whatever, that Steves on

his way to Detroit and what he did on his vacation and, hes kind of making

things up.and so far my uncle isnt too mad.so Steve comes back out to the car



one more time.and my sister asks him

one more time.and my sister asks him



to ask my uncle Howard to please let him

use the bathroom.so Steve gets out.he is been very good-natured throughout

this all.he gets out, and he asks my uncle Howard if he could please use the

bathroom.well by this time, my uncles gotten very very upset and he told him,

just go out back! and so St- then my uncle was quite mad and Steve, obviously

didnt want to go to the bathroom behind my grandparents house.so, he came back

to the car and hes like, i dont think that this is a good joke to keep

doing.hes getting really mad at me. so, Laurel, my sister, and i, finally got

out of the car and we went over and we were like, Uncle Howard, surprise. and

then so we all had to laugh about this and, to this day this is one of the

funniest jokes cuz its the day, everyone finally got back at uncle Howard.our

family cat, Snickers, is not very friendly at all.she is actually probably one

of the least friendly cats.um... actually the other day my sister had to take

her to the vet, because she had i dont know if she got cut or she was

bleeding.so my sister took her to the vet.and she also needed to get some

shots.so while they were at the vet place, Snickers was okay because it was

just my sister and Snickers in the room.now when the vet entered and wanted to

put Snickers on the little examination table and, take her blood because she

thought she might have feline leukemia.well Snickers didnt like that and she

started like, kind of, meow, and she started hissing and trying to move all

over and she started trying to scratch.the veterinarian, which she couldnt

even do because she was declawed on her first, front paws.but, she just kept

trying to... gnarl and, hiss and trying to get away from the vet.so the vet

had to leave, and she got back, and first she just put on this little muzzle

so that Snickers couldnt bite her.and that worked a little bit. but Snickers

was still moving around and she kept, making loud noises and trying to get

away.so the vet had to go and get two helpers.so now there were two helpers,

with a little muzzled cat just to take out blood for her.that pretty much

describes for how Snickers is.

HelloNow I am going to show how to cultivate Mushroom.These are grow up

Mushrooms cultivated by me.Now I will show the mushroom cultivation from the

beginning.These are dry plant of paddy.Watch the video carefullyhow I am

processing the paddy plant for mushroom cultivation.Cutting the paddy plant

into small sizes of 1 to 1.5 inch.To process the haywith water give one tea

spoon formalin andhalf tea spoon carbendazimin this water mixture keep the hay

for 6 to 12 hour.After wetting the hayTo dry the water I have kept the bucket

with the hay upside down for 6 hourThe water should be dried very well so that

not a single drop came out if squeezed.These are mushroom seeds or spawn.How

to get these mushroom seed or spawn?In your localitycontact ADO (agriculture

development office)They will tell you from where you will get mushroom seed or

spawn.small hole should be made on the polythene cylinder at 4 inch

interval.one each on top and bottom and 4 in the middle portion in every

line.now the cylinder should be placed on a wooden shelf or should be hanged

by a rope.I am placing the cylinder on a wooden shelf.situation after 7

daysAfter 27 daysyou can see the mushroom are grown upnow they are ready to

collectlike this you can get mushroom three time from each cylinder.Thanks all

of you for watching the video patiently.

President Bok, former President Rudenstine,

President Bok, former President Rudenstine




 incoming President Faust, members

of the HarvardCorporation and the Board of Overseers, members of the faculty,

parents, and especially, thegraduates:I’ve been waiting more than 30 years to

say this: “Dad, I always told you I’dcome back and get my degree.”I want to

thank Harvard for this timely honor.I’ll be changing my job next year … and it

will be nice to finally have a collegedegree on my resume.I applaud the

graduates today for taking a much more direct route to your degrees.For my

part, I’m just happy that the Crimson has called me “Harvard’s most

successfuldropout.”I guess that makes me valedictorian of my own special class

… I did the best of everyonewho failed.But I also want to be recognized as the

guy who got Steve Ballmer to drop out of businessschool.I’m a bad

influence.That’s why I was invited to speak at your graduation.If I had spoken

at your orientation, fewer of you might be here today.Harvard was just a

phenomenal experience for me.Academic life was fascinating.I used to sit in on

lots of classes I hadn’t even signed up for.And dorm life was terrific.I lived

up at Radcliffe, in Currier House.There were always lots of people in my dorm

room late at night discussing things, becauseeveryone knew I didn’t worry

about getting up in the morning.That’s how I came to be the leader of the

anti-social group.We clung to each other as a way of validating our rejection

of all those social people.Bill Gates addresses the Harvard Alumni Association

in Tecentenary Theater at Harvard University’s2007 Commencement Afternoon

Exercises.Radcliffe was a great place to live.There were more women up there,

and most of the guys were science-math types.That combination offered me the

best odds, if you know what I mean.This is where I learned the sad lesson that

improving your odds doesn’t guarantee success.One of my biggest memories of

Harvard came in January 1975, when I made a call from CurrierHouse to acompany

in Albuquerque that had begun making the world’s first personal computers.I

offered to sell them software.I worried that they would realize I was just a

student in a dorm and hang up on me.Instead they said: “We’re not quite ready,

come see us in a month,” which was a goodthing, because we hadn’t written the

software yet.From that moment, I worked day and night on this little extra

credit project that markedthe end of my college education and the beginning of

a remarkable journey with Microsoft.What I remember above all about Harvard

was being in the midst of so much energy and intelligence.It could be

exhilarating, intimidating, sometimes even discouraging, but always

challenging.It was an amazing privilege – and though I left early, I was

transformed by my yearsat Harvard, the friendships I made, and the ideas I

worked on.But taking a serious look back … I do have one big regret.I left

Harvard with no real awareness of the awful inequities in the world – the

appallingdisparities of health, and wealth, and opportunity that condemn

millions of people to lives ofdespair.I learned a lot here at Harvard about

new ideas in economics and politics.I got great exposure to the advances being


made in the sciences

made in the sciences


But humanity’s greatest advances are not in its

discoveries – but in how those discoveriesare applied to reduce

inequity.Whether through democracy, strong public education, quality health

care, or broad economic opportunity– reducing inequity is the highest human

achievement.I left campus knowing little about the millions of young people

cheated out of educationalopportunities here in this country.And I knew

nothing about the millions of people living in unspeakable poverty and

diseasein developing countries.It took me decades to find out.You graduates

came to Harvard at a different time.You know more about the world’s inequities

than the classes that came before.In your years here, I hope you’ve had a

chance to think about how – in this ageof accelerating technology – we can

finally take on these inequities, and we can solvethem.Imagine, just for the

sake of discussion, that you had a few hours a week and a fewdollars a month

to donate to a cause – and you wanted to spend that time and money whereit

would have the greatest impactin saving and improving lives.Where would you

spend it?For Melinda and for me, the challenge is the same: how can we do the

most good for thegreatest number with the resources we have.During our

discussions on this question, Melinda and I read an article about the millions

ofchildren who were dying every year in poor countries from diseases that we

had long agomade harmless in this country.Measles, malaria, pneumonia,

hepatitis B, yellow fever.One disease I had never even heard of, rotavirus,

was killing half a million kids each year– none of them in the United

States.We were shocked.We had just assumed that if millions of children were

dying and they could be saved, the worldwould make it a priority to discover

and deliver the medicines to save them.But it did not.For under a dollar,

there were interventions that could save lives that just weren’tbeing

delivered.If you believe that every life has equal value, it’s revolting to

learn that some livesare seen as worth saving and others are not.We said to

ourselves: “This can’t be true.But if it is true, it deserves to be the

priority of our giving.”So we began our work in the same way anyone here would

begin it.We asked: “How could the world let these children die?”The answer is

simple, and harsh.The market did not reward saving the lives of these

children, and governments did notsubsidize it.So the children died because

their mothers and their fathers had no power in the marketand no voice in the

system.But you and I have both.We can make market forces work better for the

poor if we can develop a more creativecapitalism – if we can stretch the reach

of market forces so that more people can makea profit, or at least make a

living, serving people who are suffering from the worst inequities.We also can

press governments around the world to spend taxpayer money in ways that



immediately call a press conference

immediately call a press conference


.They promise to investigate, determine the

cause, and prevent similar crashes in thefuture.But if the officials were

brutally honest, they would say: “Of all the people in theworld who died today

from preventable causes, one half of one percent of them were on

thisplane.We’re determined to do everything possible to solve the problem that

took the lives ofthe one half of one percent.”The bigger problem is not the

plane crash, but the millions of preventable deaths.We don’t read much about

these deaths.The media covers what’s new – and millions of people dying is

nothing new.So it stays in the background, where it’s easier to ignore.But

even when we do see it or read about it, it’s difficult to keep our eyes on

the problem.It’s hard to look at suffering if the situation is so complex that

we don’t know how tohelp.And so we look away.If we can really see a problem,

which is the first step, we come to the second step: cuttingthrough the

complexity to find a solution.Finding solutions is essential if we want to

make the most of our caring.If we have clear and proven answers anytime an

organization or individual asks “Howcan I help?,” then we can get action – and

we can make sure that none of the caring inthe world is wasted.But complexity

makes it hard to mark a path of action for everyone who cares — and thatmakes

it hard for their caring to matter.Cutting through complexity to find a

solution runs through four predictable stages: determinea goal, find the

highest-leverage approach, discover the ideal technology for that approach,and

in the meantime, make the smartest application of the technology that you

already have — whetherit’s something sophisticated, like a drug, or something

simpler, like a bednet.The AIDS epidemic offers an example.The broad goal, of

course, is to end the disease.The highest-leverage approach is prevention.The

ideal technology would be a vaccine that gives lifetime immunity with a single

dose.So governments, drug companies, and foundations fund vaccine research.But

their work is likely to take more than a decade, so in the meantime, we have

to workwith what we have in hand – and the best prevention approach we have

now is gettingpeople to avoid risky behavior.Pursuing that goal starts the

four-step cycle again.This is the pattern.The crucial thing is to never stop

thinking and working – and never do what we did withmalaria and tuberculosis

in the 20th century – which is to surrender to complexity andquit.The final

step – after seeing the problem and finding an approach – is to measurethe

impact of your work and share your successes and failures so that others learn

from yourefforts.You have to have the statistics, of course.You have to be


betterreflect the values of the people who pay the taxes.If we can find

approaches that meet the needs of the poor in ways that generate profitsfor

business and votes for politicians, we will have found a sustainable way to

reduceinequity in the world.This task is open-ended.It can never be

finished.But a conscious effort to answer this challenge will change the

world.I am optimistic that we can do this, but I talk to skeptics who claim

there is no hope.They say: “Inequity has been with us since the beginning, and

will be with us till theend – because people just … don’t … care.”I completely

disagree.I believe we have more caring than we know what to do with.All of us

here in this Yard, at one time or another, have seen human tragedies that

brokeour hearts, and yet we did nothing – not because we didn’t care, but

because we didn’tknow what to do.If we had known how to help, we would have

acted.The barrier to change is not too little caring; it is too much

complexity.To turn caring into action, we need to see a problem, see a

solution, and see the impact.But complexity blocks all three steps.Even with

the advent of the Internet and 24-hour news, it is still a complex enterprise

toget people to truly see the problems.When an airplane crashes, officials